By James F. Eder
For many of the twentieth century, migrant settlers from the Philippines have confirmed homesteads and new methods of lifestyles on Palawan Island, a one-time woodland desolate tract. at the island's coastal plains and within the hilly inside, settlers have created dynamic and wealthy groups in line with in the neighborhood variable mixtures of agricultural and non-agricultural lifeways. This quantity provides an research of socioeconomic switch in a single Palawan settler neighborhood based throughout the Nineteen Forties. in accordance with designated info on the degrees of group, family and person spanning a 25-year interval (1970-1995), the chapters focus on 3 uncomplicated subject matters: the improvement of a post-frontier village financial system; family thoughts for survival and prosperity; and person objectives as they relate to principles approximately social status and private worthy. those issues are hooked up into an built-in research of switch locally throughout time and set in the context of wider alterations in society.
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Extra info for A Generation Later: Household Strategies and Economic Change in the Rural Philippines
22 Chapter 2 Spain established a church and garrisoned a fort at Cuyo in 1622 and long retained the island as its principal foothold in this part of the Philippines. From Cuyo the Spanish nominally administered, but never fully controlled, Palawan Province, which embraces both Palawan Island and numerous small islands, including Cuyo. Cuyo figured prominently in the long, costly, and ultimately futile Spanish effort to wrest control of the southerly portions of the Philippine archipelago from the Muslims of the Sulu zone.
To be sure, many such extralocal events and developments during the period from 1971 to 1988 were clearly reflected in a variety of local developments, some quite worrisome: a 250 percent increase in community population; a decline in mean per-household landholdings from about three hectares in 1971 to one hectare in 1988; a thirtyfold increase in the price of agricultural land, an increase triple that in annual income; growing reliance on off-farm income sources, seen in new kinds of nonagricultural employment and greater numbers of women in the wage sector; and considerable intensification in agriculture itself.
But Palawan’s vastness would not just be settled by Cuyonon and their small island neighbors. For decades, farmers, fisherfolk, and others from throughout the Philippines, both Christian and Muslim, have also made their way to Palawan. At midcentury, immigration was by national standards comparatively limited, and Palawan was not the demographically important settler destination that such provinces as Davao del Sur, Zamboanga del Sur, Cotabato, Bukidnon, and even Rizal were. The decades following World War II, however, brought a large surge in immigration to Palawan that has continued down to the present.
A Generation Later: Household Strategies and Economic Change in the Rural Philippines by James F. Eder