Ive Marx's A New Social Question?: On Minimum Income Protection in the PDF

By Ive Marx

ISBN-10: 9053569251

ISBN-13: 9789053569252

Social scientists, politicians, and economists have lately been all in favour of the concept the complicated welfare states of Europe face a “New Social Question.” The center proposal is that the transition from an commercial to a postindustrial atmosphere has introduced with it an entire new set of social hazards, constraints, and trade-offs, which necessitate radical recalibration of social protection structures. a brand new Social query? analyzes that question extensive, with specific awareness to the matter of source of revenue security and the problems dealing with Bismarckian welfare states. it will likely be worthy examining for an individual drawn to realizing the way forward for eu social policy.About the AuthorIve Marx is learn fellow on the Centre for Social coverage on the collage of Antwerp, Belgium. [C:\Users\Microsoft\Documents\Calibre Library]

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Indd 42 8-12-2006 15:12:44 One should of course keep in mind that those of working age constitute a very broad segment of the population. This is important, as the younger active generation is much more skilled than the previous generation. In other words, age plays a significant role in the observed trends. Moreover, in the present discourse, concern is focused mainly on the younger lowskilled. It is often argued that the enormous increase in schooling levels over the past decades has resulted in a deflation of the value of degrees and in the low-skilled being pushed out of the labour market.

In other words, there is now a bigger gap between the average standard of living and the average standard of living of the lower skilled, even though the gap between the low-skilled and the high-skilled has remained stable. This is due to the fact that the standard of living has risen predominantly through upskilling. There are now considerably more highly skilled people than there were 20 years ago, and considerably fewer low-skilled. 7 Living standard by educational quartile, 1976-1997. Level in 1997 (1997 euros) and 1976-1997 percentage point difference 25-64 years 25-44 years 1997 1976-1997 1997 1976-1997 Ed.

Indeed, the extent of unemployment and non-employment in many parts of Europe is routinely attributed to what is perceived to be an artificially compressed wage distribution. At the same time, high taxes are believed to discourage highly productive (or highly talented) individuals from undertaking long and demanding studies, to be creative, to take risks and hence to create income. Direct redistribution for income protection purposes in the welfare state is achieved mainly through social security.

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A New Social Question?: On Minimum Income Protection in the Postindustrial Era by Ive Marx

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