By Ronald J. Kendall, Steven M. Presley, Galen P. Austin, Philip N. Smith
Organic and chemical guns are a growing to be terrorist hazard to the us and different countries and countermeasures proceed to adapt as a countrywide and international precedence factor. to maintain with this swiftly altering and important box we needs to identify the present state-of-the-science on countermeasures to shape a platform from which to supply views, regulations, and systems that would help the us and different countries to shield themselves from destiny threats. An up to date evaluate of the applied sciences and techniques for delivering countermeasures to organic and chemical terrorism, Advances in organic and Chemical Terrorism Countermeasures integrates enormously disparate disciplines, calling on authors which are at once and presently serious about the learn to offer their very own facts in addition to their informed critiques and recommendation. It attracts seriously at the findings and conclusions from study performed in the course of the Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr. nationwide software for Countermeasures to organic and Chemical Threats, that's partly funded throughout the U.S. military examine, improvement, and Engineering Command. This e-book makes a speciality of 4 common parts of study: modeling, simulation, and visualization; environmental security; own defense and therapeutics; and the mechanistic and poisonous results of guns. person chapters speak about the connection among danger and vulnerability, risk agent dispersal throughout the atmosphere, possibility agent sensor improvement, using phage reveal for detection and healing intervention, and an outline of famous threats and their poisonous results. seriously referenced, this science-based paintings is a wonderful device to help army and fatherland defense body of workers and primary responders to enhance their skill to increase and enforce countermeasures to the capability organic and chemical possibility brokers that proceed to emerge.
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Extra info for Advances in Biological and Chemical Terrorism Countermeasures
Bacteria, fungi, rickettsiae, and viruses have been, or potentially can be, used as biological weapon agents. Toxins are substances that are produced as metabolic by-products of microorganisms, plants, or animals, or are synthetically produced, and can be used to poison other living organisms. There are at least 14 disease-causing pathogens that are believed to have been weaponized and could be potentially employed as terror weapons. An excellent complete listing of traditional biological weapon agents and biological agents that have been associated with biological terrorism or biological crimes is provided by Kortepeter and Parker (1999).
Sci. 356(1411), pp. 991–999. , 2001. America’s Achilles’ Heel, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA. FM 8–285/NAVMED P-5041/AFM 160–11, 1990. S. Departments of the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force. Harris, R. , 1982. A Higher Form of Killing, Noonday Press, New York, p. 70. , 2005. Wildlife trade and global disease emergence, Emerg. Infect. Dis. [serial on the Internet], available at http://www. htm. S. , 1997. C. , 2001. Precautions against biological and chemical terrorism directed at food and water supplies.
Biological threat agents are microorganisms or toxins produced by living organisms that may be intentionally employed to cause morbidity or mortality in other living organisms and include bacteria, mycotoxins, rickettsia, toxins, and viruses. Biological weapons are microorganisms, or toxins produced by living organisms that have been enhanced or modified to more effectively and efficiently cause morbidity or mortality in other living organisms and include bacteria, mycotoxins, rickettsia, toxins, and viruses, or to be more effectively delivered.
Advances in Biological and Chemical Terrorism Countermeasures by Ronald J. Kendall, Steven M. Presley, Galen P. Austin, Philip N. Smith