Maximino Manzanera's Alternative Fuel PDF

By Maximino Manzanera

ISBN-10: 9533073721

ISBN-13: 9789533073729

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2004) defined as the mono alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from vegetable or animal fats, for use in compression-ignition (diesel) engines (American Society for Testing and Material [ASTM], 1989). , 2004). , 2005). The choice of the suitable alcohol for this process will depend on factors like its cost, availability, toxicity, easy of recovering and recycling, and the amount of alcohol needed for the reaction. , 2004). , 1998). , 2002) origin can be used as raw materials for biodiesel production.

2011) studied the methanolysis of low free fatty acids chicken fat by using shells as catalysts. Krause (2008) described the economic feasibility of biodiesel production from animal fats (beef tallow and chicken fat), by using the alkaline methanolic route. , 2009). Hoque et al. (2010) demonstrated a high potential of producing economically viable biodiesel from low cost feedstock (beef fat, chicken fat and used cooking oil) with proper optimization of the process parameters. According to Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [FAO] (2010), capture fisheries and aquaculture supplied the world with about 142 million tonnes of fish in 2008, excluding aquatic plants.

P. , & Lee, Y-W. (2010). Synthesis of biodiesel from rapeseed oil using supercritical methanol with metal oxide catalysts. Bioresource Technology, Vol. 101, No. p. ; Pattasawat, B. & Krasae, P. (2010). Improving transesterification activity of CaO with hydration technique. Bioresource Technology. Vol. 101, No. p. , Liu, X. & Mao, Z. (2006). Preparation of Biodiesel Catalyzed by Solid Super Base of Calcium Oxide and Its Refining Process. Chinese Journal of Catalysis, Vol. 27, No. p. 391-396, ISSN: 1872-2067 2 An Overview of Enzyme-Catalyzed Reactions and Alternative Feedstock for Biodiesel Production Maria Manuela Camino Feltes, Débora de Oliveira, Jorge Luiz Ninow and José Vladimir de Oliveira Federal University of Santa Catarina Brazil 1.

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Alternative Fuel by Maximino Manzanera

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