By Ludovica Gambaro, Kitty Stewart, Jane Waldfogel
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Additional resources for An Equal Start?: Providing Quality Early Education and Care for Disadvantaged Children
As for the tax credit, it will cover up to 85% of childcare costs. This change benefits low-income working families, but fails to reach those out of work who are on the lowest incomes. Quality: qualifications, curriculum and inspection The quality of ECEC settings in the UK is supported and monitored in three main ways. First, there are minimum requirements governing structural features including staff qualifications and staff-to-child ratios. These requirements vary substantially across different settings, as discussed below.
24 Introduction Leira, A. and Saraceno, C. (eds) (2008) Childhood Changing Contexts, Bingley: Emerald. Lewis, J. (2006) ‘Introduction: Children in the context of changing families and welfare states’, in J. Lewis (ed) Children, Changing Families and Welfare States, Cheltenham and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar, pp 1–24. , Ruhm, C. and Waldfogel, J. ’, Economics of Education Review, vol 26, no 1, pp 33–51. , Ruhm, C. and Waldfogel, J. ’, Early Childhood Research Quarterly, vol 22, no 1, pp 18–38.
The intention behind the minimum 30% part payment of costs appears to be to provide parents with an incentive to shop around for good value for money (Waldfogel and Garnham, 2008), but it also means that 35 An equal start? lower-income parents may be priced out of higher-quality provision, or, indeed, discouraged from choosing formal care at all. In March 2013, the government announced reforms to such funding schemes, which should come into force between Autumn 2015 and April 2016. In relation to tax-free vouchers, the proposal is to increase the cap: parents would enjoy 20% tax relief on childcare spending up to £6,000 a year, which could be worth up to £1,200 per child as long as both parents are in work.
An Equal Start?: Providing Quality Early Education and Care for Disadvantaged Children by Ludovica Gambaro, Kitty Stewart, Jane Waldfogel