Aquatic Dermatology: Biotic, Chemical and Physical Agents by Domenico Bonamonte, Gianni Angelini PDF

By Domenico Bonamonte, Gianni Angelini

ISBN-10: 3319406140

ISBN-13: 9783319406145

ISBN-10: 3319406159

ISBN-13: 9783319406152

This well-illustrated speedy reference booklet, now in its moment variation, is a accomplished consultant to the aquatic dermis ailments attributable to biotic and non-biotic noxae. it's going to support the dermatologist in spotting and treating a bunch of unusual stipulations which are however progressively expanding in incidence due to wider use of the hydrosphere for vacation, recreation, and occupational actions all year long. past the thorough exam of the dermatoses as a result of a variety of organisms equivalent to jellyfish, sea anemones, echinoderms, molluscs, algae, aquatic worms, and fish, cognizance is interested in power systemic reactions, that are severe or perhaps deadly. furthermore, the complete spectrum of wound infections and reactions as a result of microscopic organisms populating the aquatic atmosphere, e.g., mycobacteria, streptococci, Aeromonas, and vibrios, is taken into account. eventually, distinct realization is paid to the various different stipulations associated with salt or freshwater touch, together with aquagenic urticaria and pruritus, chlorine inflammation, touch dermatitis from swimming or diving apparatus, surfer’s nodules, and chemical conjunctivitis. Aquatic Dermatology could be a brief connection with enhance wisdom of the aquatic setting and its hazards, and a great tool to clinicians and pros practising in coastal and marine areas.

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From the clinical point of view, sea anemones can induce the same clinical pictures as those described above for jellyfish. 5). In fact, they are commonly observed after close contact with the animal when sitting or lying on the rocks, to which sea anemones are attached, in shallow waters. For this reason, the lesions tend to be more extensive and can take D. Bonamonte et al. 5 Differential characteristics between reactions to jellyfish and sea anemones generally observed along the Italian coasts Incidence Age Provoked reactions Type of contact Method of contact Sites Extension of dermatitis Clinical picture Morphology of lesions Clinical lesions Local subjective symptoms Systemic symptoms Clinical course Sequelae Allergic reactions Reactions to jellyfish Frequent All ages Exceptional Generally superficial Generally brushing against animal while swimming All sites Generally slight Generally slight Mainly linear figures Erythema, oedema, rarely blisters and necrosis Generally pain and slight burning sensations Possible, generally slight Few days Infrequent Possible Reactions to sea anemones Less frequent All ages, especially children Frequent in young people (sea anemones are easily picked up) Generally very close Generally close when sitting or lying on the rocks All sites, especially posterior face of the thighs and back for above reasons Extensive (contact with various areas) for above reasons Generally severe More bizarre and arabesque-like figures Erythema, severe oedema, frequent blisters and necrosis Generally intolerable pain and burning sensations Virtually constant and severe 15–30 days Frequent Possible on bizarre pathognomic pictures, notably elegant arabesque-like stripes.

Fatal reactions Toxin-induced Immediate cardiac arrest Rapid respiratory failure Delayed renal failure Liver destruction Allergy-induced Anaphylaxis 6. Reactions after ingestion Gastrointestinal symptoms Urticaria Ciguatera Modified from Burnett [80] 3 Dermatitis Caused by Coelenterates 23 cases), iritis, increased intra-ocular pressure (from 32 to 48 mmHg), mydriasis and reduced accommodation. Anterior synechiae and unilateral glaucoma are long term sequelae, and mydriasis, too, can persist for a period ranging from 5 to 24 months.

173] not be noticed. After about 30 min–1 h after the sting, the onset of severe systemic symptoms occurs. Williamson and Coll. compared the symptoms of Irukandji syndrome with the envenomation by the scorpion and funnel web spider, and concluded that any of these may result in the excessive release of catecholamines into the bloodstream, with similar presenting signs and symptoms [25]. The syndrome follows a pattern that has up to three documented sequelae. 4) [172–176]. Apart from severe muscle cramps, that are always present, various combinations of these symptoms can be observed, and at different times, although they will invariably manifest in sequence.

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Aquatic Dermatology: Biotic, Chemical and Physical Agents by Domenico Bonamonte, Gianni Angelini

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